Microfluidic techniques have been extensively developed to realize micro-total analysis systems in a small chip. For microanalysis, electro-magnetic forces have generally been utilized for the trapping of objects, but hydrodynamics has been little explored despite its relevance to pattern formation. Here, we report that water-in-oil (W/O) droplets can be transported in the grid of an array of other large W/O droplets. As each droplet approaches an interspace of the large droplet array, while exhibiting persistent back-and-forth motion, it is conveyed at a velocity equal to the droplet array. We confirm the appearance of closed streamlines in a numerical simulation, suggesting that a vortex-like stream is involved in trapping the droplet. Furthermore, more than one droplet is also conveyed as an ordered cluster with dynamic reposition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)