Osmium isotope evidence for a large Late Triassic impact event

Honami Sato, Tetsuji Onoue, Tatsuo Nozaki, Katsuhiko Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anomalously high platinum group element concentrations have previously been reported for Upper Triassic deep-sea sediments, which are interpreted to be derived from an extraterrestrial impact event. Here we report the osmium (Os) isotope fingerprint of an extraterrestrial impact from Upper Triassic chert successions in Japan. Os isotope data exhibit a marked negative excursion from an initial Os isotope ratio (187 Os/ 188 Os i) of ∼0.477 to unradiogenic values of ∼0.126 in a platinum group element-enriched claystone layer, indicating the input of meteorite-derived Os into the sediments. The timing of the Os isotope excursion coincides with both elevated Os concentrations and low Re/Os ratios. The magnitude of this negative Os isotope excursion is comparable to those found at Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary sites. These geochemical lines of evidence demonstrate that a large impactor (3.3-7.8 km in diameter) produced a global decrease in seawater 187 Os/ 188 Os ratios in the Late Triassic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2455
JournalNature communications
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 23 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

osmium isotopes
Osmium
osmium
Isotopes
sediments
platinum
impactors
Platinum
isotope ratios
meteorites
Sediments
Meteoroids
Japan
Meteorites
time measurement
Seawater
Dermatoglyphics
Oceans and Seas

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Osmium isotope evidence for a large Late Triassic impact event. / Sato, Honami; Onoue, Tetsuji; Nozaki, Tatsuo; Suzuki, Katsuhiko.

In: Nature communications, Vol. 4, 2455, 23.09.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sato, Honami ; Onoue, Tetsuji ; Nozaki, Tatsuo ; Suzuki, Katsuhiko. / Osmium isotope evidence for a large Late Triassic impact event. In: Nature communications. 2013 ; Vol. 4.
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