Laminin-332 (Lm-332), a major basement membrane protein, has been shown to provide a niche for some stem cells. Here, we found that Lm-332 was expressed in osteoblasts, and is implicated in the regulation of osteoclast differentiation. Immunofluorescence analysis of laminin-β3, a unique component of Lm-332, indicated specific expression of laminin-β3 in osteoblast-like cells localized on bone surface. RT-PCR analysis confirmed that α3, β3, and 2 chains of Lm-332 were all expressed in primary osteoblasts prepared from mouse calvaria. Lm-332 markedly inhibited osteoclastogenesis induced by receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-B) ligand (RANKL) when bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) were cultured on Lm-332-coated plates. Lm-332 also blocked RANKL-induced activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) (ERK, JNK, and p38) and expression of NFATc1, c-Fos, and c-Jun. Lm-332 suppressed osteoclast differentiation while retaining macrophage phenotypes, including nonspecific esterase activity and gene expression of lysozyme and EGF-like module-containing mucin-like hormone receptor-like 1 (Emr1). Furthermore, the treatment of primary osteoblasts with osteoclastogenic factors dramatically suppressed expression of Lm-332. These findings suggest that Lm-332 produced by osteoblasts in bone tissues has a pivotal role in controlling normal bone remodeling through suppressing osteoclastogenesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology