Background: In the recent years, surgical resection with pre- and/or postoperative chemotherapy has markedly improved the survival rate of hepatoblastoma patients. We herein report the results of patients treated with the current protocol of the Japanese Study Group for Pediatric Liver Tumor, JPLT-2. Methods: A total of 279 patients with malignant liver tumor were enrolled in JPLT-2. Data from 212 hepatoblastoma cases were analyzed. PRETEXT I patients were treated with primary resection followed by low doses of cisplatin-pirarubicin (tetrahydropyranyl-adriamycin). Otherwise, patients received preoperative cisplatin-pirarubicin (CITA), followed by surgery and postoperative chemotherapy. Ifosfamide, pirarubicin, etoposide, and carboplatin (ITEC) were given as a salvage treatment. High-dose chemotherapy with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) was reserved for patients with metastatic diseases. Results: The 5-year overall survival rate (OS) in non-metastatic cases was 100% for PRETEXT I, 87.1% for PRETEXT II, 89.7% for PRETEXT III, and 78.3% for PRETEXT IV. The 5-year OS in metastatic cases was 43.9%. The outcome in non-metastatic PRETEXT IV cases was markedly improved, while the results of metastatic tumors remained poor. Conclusions: JPLT-2 protocol achieved satisfactory survival among children with non-metastatic hepatoblastoma. New approaches are needed for patients with metastatic diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health