Background: We sought to evaluate the influence of age on the outcome of repeat hepatectomies in patients ≥75 years with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: We studied 121 curative repeat hepatectomies retrospectively. Among the 121 patients, 100, 20, and 1 received second, third, and fourth hepatectomies, respectively. The short-term surgical results of a younger group (<75 years; n = 88) and those of an elderly group (≥75 years; n = 33) were compared. The long-term prognosis of the patients who underwent second hepatectomies was also compared between a younger group (<75 years; n = 77) and an elderly group (≥75 years; n = 23). Results: The patients in the elderly group displayed more comorbid conditions pre-operatively, including hypertension and cardiovascular diseases, than the younger group (P < .05); however, there was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative complications or the duration of postoperative hospital stay. The long-term prognosis in the elderly group was almost identical to that in the younger group. The 3-year overall survival rates for the younger group and the elderly group were 83 vs 73% (P = .51). Disease-free, 3-year survival rates for the younger group and the elderly group were 35% vs 38% (P = .88). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that advanced age by itself does not have an adverse effect on operative outcomes, including postoperative complications and long-term prognosis. Repeat hepatectomy may, therefore, be justified for recurrent HCC in selected elderly patients.
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