Overall survival and final efficacy and safety results from a Japanese phase II study of axitinib in cytokine-refractory metastatic renal cell carcinoma

Japan Axitinib Phase II Study Group, Fujimoto H., Nakazawa H., Matsubara N., Fujioka T., Niwakawa M., Miyazaki J., Nakamura T., Shuin T., Hasegawa Y., Tsuchiya N., Takahashi S., Nonomura N., Nishiyama K.

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Abstract

In an open-label, multicenter phase II study of Japanese patients with cytokine-refractory metastatic renal cell carcinoma, axitinib showed substantial antitumor activity with an acceptable safety profile. Here, we report overall survival and updated efficacy and safety results. Sixty-four Japanese patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma following prior therapy with cytokines were treated with axitinib at a starting dose of 5 mg b.i.d. Following median treatment duration of 14.2 months, median overall survival was 37.3 months (95% CI, 28.6-49.9). The objective response rate, the primary endpoint of the study, was 51.6% (95% CI, 38.7-64.2); the median duration of response, 11.1 months (95% CI, 8.2-13.7); and the median progression-free survival was 11.0 months (95% CI, 9.2-12.0), assessed by the independent review committee. Common treatment-related all-grade adverse events were hypertension (88%), hand-foot syndrome (75%), diarrhea (66%), proteinuria (63%), fatigue (55%) and dysphonia (53%). In an exploratory analysis, median overall survival was found to be significantly longer in patients who had greater decreases in plasma levels of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 during the first cycle of treatment. In conclusion, the present study showed axitinib to be effective, and toxicities with long-term treatment were generally controllable with axitinib dose modification and/or standard medications in these Japanese patients. Some frequently reported adverse events warrant close monitoring and management. Changes in the plasma levels of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 may be used as a prognostic factor for overall survival in metastatic renal cell carcinoma following axitinib treatment. This study is registered at ClinicalTrial.gov (identifier NCT00569946). An open-label phase II study of axitinib in 64 Japanese patients with cytokine-refractory metastatic renal cell carcinoma showed median overall survival exceeding 3 years (37.3 months) and long-term safety. Changes in the plasma level of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 may be used as a prognostic factor for overall survival in metastatic renal cell carcinoma following axitinib treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1576-1583
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Science
Volume105
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Japan Axitinib Phase II Study Group, Fujimoto H., Nakazawa H., Matsubara N., Fujioka T., Niwakawa M., Miyazaki J., Nakamura T., Shuin T., Hasegawa Y., Tsuchiya N., Takahashi S., Nonomura N., & Nishiyama K. (2014). Overall survival and final efficacy and safety results from a Japanese phase II study of axitinib in cytokine-refractory metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Cancer Science, 105(12), 1576-1583. https://doi.org/10.1111/cas.12546