Loss of PTEN was recently shown to contribute to resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) in EGFR mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) through activation of the protein kinase AKT. We previously showed that downregulation of the expression of the antiapoptotic protein survivin by EGFR-TKIs contributes to EGFR-TKI-induced apoptosis in EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC cells. We have now investigated the role of survivin expression in EGFR-TKI resistance induced by PTEN loss. The EGFR-TKI erlotinib did not affect survivin expression or induce apoptosis in EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC cells with PTEN loss. Downregulation of survivin either by transfection with a specific short interfering RNA or by exposure to the small-molecule survivin suppressor YM155 reversed erlotinib resistance in such cells in vitro. Furthermore, combination therapy with YM155 and erlotinib inhibited the growth of tumors formed by EGFR mutation-positive, PTEN-deficient NSCLC cells in nude mice to a greater extent than did treatment with either drug alone. These results thus indicate that persistent activation of signaling by the AKT-survivin pathway induced by PTEN loss underlies a mechanism of resistance to erlotinib-induced apoptosis in EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. They further suggest that the targeting of survivin has the potential to overcome EGFR-TKI resistance in EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research