Overexpression of adhesion molecule L1 in NG108-15 neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells enhances dibutyryl cyclic AMP-induced neurite outgrowth and functional synapse formation with myotubes

Zhen Guo Zhong, Shigeru Yokoyama, Mami Noda, Haruhiro Higashida

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11 Citations (Scopus)


The role of adhesion molecule L1 in synapse formation was examined by transient transfection of L1 cDNA in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid NG108-15 cells. L1 overexpression was found in ~50% of the transfected NG108-15 cell population. Neurite outgrowth induced by 0.25 mM dibutyryl cyclic AMP (cAMP) was much greater in L1-transfected NG108-15 cells than that in nontransfected and mock-transfected cells. The proportion of cells with neurites and the number of neurites per cells were increased in L1-transfected cells after 2 days of dibutyryl cAMP treatment. The proportion of cells with branched neurites and the average length of neurites were higher at day 4. A significantly higher rate of synapse formation with myotubes was apparent in the late phase of coculture (days 4-7) in L1-transfected cells than in control cells. The miniature end-plate potential frequency in myotubes was the same for the three types of NG108-15 cells. These results show that overexpression of L1 in NG108-15 cells facilitates synaptic connections by enhancing branching and elongation of neurites induced with dibutyryl cAMP, rather than by increasing probability of acetylcholine release.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2291-2299
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 1997
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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