Overexpression of connective tissue growth factor in podocytes worsens diabetic nephropathy in mice

H. Yokoi, M. Mukoyama, K. Mori, M. Kasahara, T. Suganami, K. Sawai, T. Yoshioka, Y. Saito, Y. Ogawa, T. Kuwabara, A. Sugawara, K. Nakao

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Abstract

Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a potent inducer of extracellular matrix accumulation. In diabetic nephropathy, CTGF expression is markedly upregulated both in podocytes and mesangial cells, and this may play an important role in its pathogenesis. We established podocyte-specific CTGF-transgenic mice, which were indistinguishable at baseline from their wild-type littermates. Twelve weeks after streptozotocin-induced diabetes, these transgenic mice showed a more severe proteinuria, mesangial expansion, and a decrease in matrix metalloproteinase-2 activity compared to diabetic wild-type mice. Furthermore, diabetic transgenic mice exhibited less podocin expression and a decreased number of diffusely vacuolated podocytes compared to diabetic wild-type mice. Importantly, induction of diabetes in CTGF-transgenic mice resulted in a further elevation of endogenous CTGF mRNA expression and protein in the glomerular mesangium. Our findings suggest that overexpression of CTGF in podocytes is sufficient to exacerbate proteinuria and mesangial expansion through a functional impairment and loss of podocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-455
Number of pages10
JournalKidney International
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Connective Tissue Growth Factor
Podocytes
Diabetic Nephropathies
Transgenic Mice
Proteinuria
Glomerular Mesangium
Mesangial Cells
Experimental Diabetes Mellitus
Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
Extracellular Matrix
Messenger RNA
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nephrology

Cite this

Yokoi, H., Mukoyama, M., Mori, K., Kasahara, M., Suganami, T., Sawai, K., ... Nakao, K. (2008). Overexpression of connective tissue growth factor in podocytes worsens diabetic nephropathy in mice. Kidney International, 73(4), 446-455. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ki.5002722

Overexpression of connective tissue growth factor in podocytes worsens diabetic nephropathy in mice. / Yokoi, H.; Mukoyama, M.; Mori, K.; Kasahara, M.; Suganami, T.; Sawai, K.; Yoshioka, T.; Saito, Y.; Ogawa, Y.; Kuwabara, T.; Sugawara, A.; Nakao, K.

In: Kidney International, Vol. 73, No. 4, 01.01.2008, p. 446-455.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yokoi, H, Mukoyama, M, Mori, K, Kasahara, M, Suganami, T, Sawai, K, Yoshioka, T, Saito, Y, Ogawa, Y, Kuwabara, T, Sugawara, A & Nakao, K 2008, 'Overexpression of connective tissue growth factor in podocytes worsens diabetic nephropathy in mice', Kidney International, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 446-455. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ki.5002722
Yokoi, H. ; Mukoyama, M. ; Mori, K. ; Kasahara, M. ; Suganami, T. ; Sawai, K. ; Yoshioka, T. ; Saito, Y. ; Ogawa, Y. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Sugawara, A. ; Nakao, K. / Overexpression of connective tissue growth factor in podocytes worsens diabetic nephropathy in mice. In: Kidney International. 2008 ; Vol. 73, No. 4. pp. 446-455.
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