Overview of steady state tokamak plasma experiments in TRIAM-1M

H. Zushi, S. Itoh, K. Hanada, K. Nakamura, M. Sakamoto, E. Jotaki, M. Hasegawa, Y. D. Pan., S. V. Kulkarni, A. Iyomasa, S. Kawasaki, H. Nakashima, N. Yoshida, K. Tokunaga, T. Fujiwara, M. Miyamoto, H. Nakano, M. Yuno, A. Murakami, S. NakamuraN. Sakamoto, K. Shinoda, S. Yamazoe, H. Akanishi, K. Kuramoto, Y. Matsuo, A. Iwamae, T. Fuijimoto, A. Komori, T. Morisaki, H. Suzuki, S. Masuzaki, Y. Hirooka, Y. Nakashima, O. Mitarai

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37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An overview of steady state tokamak studies in TRIAM-1M (R0 = 0.8 m, a × b = 0.12 m × 0.18 m and B = 8T) is presented. The current ramp-up scenario without using centre solenoid coils is reinvestigated with respect to controllability of the current ramp-up rate at the medium density region of (1-2) × 1019 m-3. The plasma is initiated by ECH (fundamental o-mode at 170 GHz with 200 kW) at B = 6.7 T, and the ramp-up rate below the technical limit of 150 kA s-1 for ITER can be achieved by keeping the LH power less than 100 kW during the current ramp-up phase. The physics understanding of the enhanced current drive (ECD) mode around the threshold power level has progressed from a viewpoint of transition probability. A transition frequency, ftrans, for the ECD transition is determined as a function of PCD. At ∼70 kW no transition occurs for an ftrans value of ∼0.017 Hz, meaning almost zero transition probability. With increasing PCD > Pth, ftrans increases up to 10 Hz, and the transition tends to occur with high probability. The record value of the discharge duration is updated to 3 h 10 min in a low n̄e ∼ 1 × 1018 m-3 and low power (<10 kW) discharge. The global particle balance in long duration discharges is investigated, and the temporal change in wall pumping rate is determined. Although the density was low, the gas supply had to be stopped at 30 min after the plasma initiation to maintain the density constant. After that the density was sustained by the recycling flux alone until the end of the discharges. In addition to the recycling problem, in the high power and high density experiments, the localized PWI affects the SSO of the tokamak plasma. The effects of enhanced influx of metal impurities (Fe, Cr, Ni, Mo) on sustainment of the high performance ECD plasma are investigated. In order to evaluate the helium bombarding effects on the plasma facing component and hydrogen recycling in the future burning plasma, microscopic damage of metals exposed to long duration helium discharges was studied. The total exposure time was 128 s. From thermal desorption experiments for the specimens the amount of retained helium was evaluated as 3.9 × 1020 He m-2 and the scale length to be ∼1 mm in the SOL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1600-1609
Number of pages10
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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