Overweight causes left ventricular diastolic asynchrony and diastolic dysfunction: A study based on speckle tracking echocardiography in healthy subjects

Masahiro Nakabachi, Taisei Mikami, Kazunori Okada, Hisao Onozuka, Sanae Kaga, Mamiko Inoue, Shinobu Yokoyama, Mutsumi Nishida, Chikara Shimizu, Kazuhiko Matsuno, Hiroyuki Iwano, Satoshi Yamada, Hiroyuki Tsutsui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is often observed in healthy subjects and can be a cause of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (EF). We aimed to investigate the role of LV diastolic asynchrony as a cause of diastolic dysfunction in healthy subjects. Methods: In 40 healthy subjects, two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2DSTI) was performed to measure the peak early diastolic longitudinal strain rates (Esr) of the apical, mid-ventricular, and basal segments of the septum and posterior wall. A mean value of the Esr of the 6 segments (mEsr) was calculated. The time from aortic valve closure to the Esr was measured for each segment, and the standard deviation (SDTEsr) was calculated. The peak global early diastolic strain rate (gEsr) was measured with a region of interest (ROI) on the whole LV myocardium. LV flow propagation velocity (FPV) was measured using conventional Doppler techniques. Results: SDTEsr was not correlated with age, but was significantly correlated with body mass index (BMI) (r = 0.41, p < 0.01). Although no significant correlation was observed between mEsr and FPV, gEsr and SDTEsr significantly correlated with FPV (r = 0.41, p < 0.01; r = -0.54, p < 0.001). As a result of the multiple regression analysis, SDTEsr was the single determinant of FPV. Conclusions: Diastolic asynchrony, associated with overweight but not with aging, may contribute to diastolic dysfunction in healthy subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Echocardiography
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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