Oxygen deficiency and excess of rutile titania (1 1 0) surfaces analyzed by ion scattering coupled with elastic recoil detection

Kei Mitsuhara, Taishi Matsuda, Hideki Okumura, Anton Visikovskiy, Yoshiaki Kido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Oxygen deficiency and excess of rutile titania (TiO2) surfaces are important factors for catalytic activities of metal nano-particles on the TiO2 supports. Medium energy ion scattering (MEIS; 80 keV He +) coupled with elastic recoil detection analysis (ERD; 150 keV Ne+) can determine the numbers of bridging O (Obr) vacancies (VO) and excess O atoms adsorbed on the 5-fold Ti rows of TiO2(1 1 0) surfaces. The amounts of VO and adsorbed O were derived by H2O and 18O2 exposure followed by ERD and MEIS analyses, respectively. The present analysis revealed that only about a half of VO are filled and a comparable amount of O atoms are adsorbed on the reduced TiO2(1 1 0) surface after exposure to O 2 (1000 L; 1 L = 1 × 10-6 Torr s) at room temperature (RT). We also detected the adsorbed O for the hydroxylated TiO 2(1 1 0) after 18O2 exposure at RT. Finally, it is shown that the O adsorbed on the Ti rows reacts with CO probably to form CO2 at RT. Based on the results obtained here, we clarify the reason why only a half of VO are filled by exposing reduced surface to O2 at RT and what is the primary source of subsurface excess electronic charge, which acts as a leading part of the surface electrochemistry and gives the defect state in the band gap seen in the valence band spectra for reduced and hydroxylated TiO2(1 1 0) surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1859-1864
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume269
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2011

Fingerprint

hypoxia
ion scattering
rutile
titanium
Titanium
Scattering
Oxygen
Ions
room temperature
adatoms
Atoms
Temperature
Electrochemistry
electrochemistry
Valence bands
Vacancies
catalytic activity
Catalyst activity
Energy gap
valence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Oxygen deficiency and excess of rutile titania (1 1 0) surfaces analyzed by ion scattering coupled with elastic recoil detection. / Mitsuhara, Kei; Matsuda, Taishi; Okumura, Hideki; Visikovskiy, Anton; Kido, Yoshiaki.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 269, No. 16, 15.08.2011, p. 1859-1864.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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