Oxygen distribution in the mesophase pitch fibre after oxidative stabilization

Isao Mochida, Hiroshi Toshima, Yozo Korai, Takashi Hino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The oxygen distribution in the transverse section of 30 μm diameter mesophase pitch fibres after oxidative stabilization was measured by using EPMA (electron probe X-ray microanalyser) to clarify the progress of the oxidative reaction and diffusion of the oxidant during the stabilization. Oxygen was distributed in shallow gradients regardless of the stabilization time from the surface to the centre of the mesophase pitch (MP) fibres stabilized at 230° C, suggesting sufficient diffusion of the oxidant to the centre of the fibre at this temperature. In contrast, steeper gradients of distribution were observed in the MP fibres stabilized at 270° C although oxygen up-take of the centre increased steadily with the longer stabilization time to decrease the gradient. Much steeper gradients of the oxygen distribution were observed in the cross-sectioned surface of the fibres stabilized at 300° C for 15 and 30min. The gradient became much steeper with longer stabilization, suggesting some barriers in the deeply oxidized zone which may block the oxygen diffusion. The PVC-10 fibres, whose reactivity was enhanced by blending PVC pitch of 10wt%, showed steeper distributions of oxygen after the stabilization at 270° C comparing to those of the MP fibres stabilized under the same conditions. It showed steeper gradient with the longer stabilization time. In conclusion, stabilization at a lower temperature (230° C) allows relatively rapid diffusion of the oxidant into the centre of the MP fibre during rather slow stabilization but, a higher temperature of stabilization (at 300° C) and/or higher reactivity of the mesophase pitch accelerates the oxidation much more rapidly than the diffusion, providing a blockade zone for the oxygen diffusion near the fibre surface. The extensive oxidation may cross-link three dimensionally the mesophase molecules thus allowing no diffusion of oxygen among the molecules. Such diffusion control tends to provide skin-core structure in the carbonized fibre. It should be noted that fibre thinner than 10 μm showed no skin-core structure. Diffusion within 5 μm from the surface may be rapid under any conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-394
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1989

Fingerprint

Stabilization
stabilization
Oxygen
fibers
Fibers
oxygen
gradients
Oxidants
Polyvinyl Chloride
Polyvinyl chlorides
Skin
reactivity
Oxidation
oxidation
Molecules
Electron probe microanalysis
electron probes
Temperature
molecules
X rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Oxygen distribution in the mesophase pitch fibre after oxidative stabilization. / Mochida, Isao; Toshima, Hiroshi; Korai, Yozo; Hino, Takashi.

In: Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 24, No. 2, 02.1989, p. 389-394.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mochida, Isao ; Toshima, Hiroshi ; Korai, Yozo ; Hino, Takashi. / Oxygen distribution in the mesophase pitch fibre after oxidative stabilization. In: Journal of Materials Science. 1989 ; Vol. 24, No. 2. pp. 389-394.
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