Oxygen isotopic composition of nano-scale uraninite at the Oklo-Okélobondo natural fission reactors, Gabon

Mostafa Fayek, Satoshi Utsunomiya, Rodney C. Ewing, Lee R. Riciputi, Keld A. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High spatial resolution (10-30 μm), in situ oxygen isotopic analyses by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), coupled with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), were used to show that uraninite from the Oklo-Okélobondo natural fission reactors that occur in near surface environments, have low δ18O values and nanotextures that are consistent with interaction with ground water. These low δ18O values (-14.4 to -8.5‰) suggest that the minerals exchanged with meteoric groundwater. In contrast, reactor zones that occur at depth have largely retained their original O isotopic composition (-10.2 to -5.6‰) and uraninites are well-crystallized and essentially defect-free. These observations clearly demonstrate that by combining both HRTEM and in situ O isotopic analyses by SIMS, it is possible to characterize the nano-scale porosity and post-depositional alteration of U-bearing phases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1583-1590
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume88
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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