Oxynitridation of silicon with nitrogen plasma for flash memory applications characterized by high frequency capacitance-voltage measurements

Akihiro Ikeda, M. Abd Elnaby, Tsuyoshi Fujimura, Reiji Hattori, Yukinori Kuroki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Si(100) wafers were oxynitrided by nitrogen plasma exposure under different conditions and thermally oxidized in dry O2 without the use of toxic or global warming gases. The atomic concentration ratio of N/Si was 0.075 at a plasma discharge power of 0.5 kW and an exposure time of 1 min and 0.176 at a plasma power of 2.0 kW and an exposure time of 3 min, as determined from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements. A progressive reduction in the oxidation rate with increasing N concentration, corresponding to an increase in N plasma power, was observed. The uniformity of film thickness over a 4-inch wafer was improved after nitrogen plasma exposure and rapid thermal oxidation, with a thickness variation of less than 2.6% compared with 13.2% for the N2O thermal oxidation process. The advantages of exposing Si to N plasma for application in silicon devices was investigated by high-frequency capacitance-voltage measurements. A distortion in the capacitance-voltage curve was observed for samples that did not undergo nitridation, a distortion that was not observed in the nitrided samples. Capacitance-voltage curve distortion was found to be significantly reduced by Si nitridation under low plasma power.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-219
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume385
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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