Background & Aims: Determining how Helicobacter pylori promotes gastric cancer and whether H pylori eradication decreases cancer risk would be helped by suitable murine models. Mice lacking the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27kip1 are susceptible to carcinogen-induced tumors. Furthermore, p27 stimulates gastric epithelial apoptosis and inhibits proliferation, expression is decreased by H pylori, and low levels are associated with a poor prognosis in gastric cancer. We therefore evaluated p27-deficient mice as a model for H pylori-associated gastric cancer. Methods: Wild-type and p27-/- C57BL/6 mice were infected with H pylori mouse-adapted Sydney strain at 6-8 weeks of age and 6-10 mice of each type were euthanized 15, 30, 45, 60, and 75 weeks later. Results: Uninfected p27-/- mice developed gastric hyperplasia. H pylori-infected p27-/- mice frequently developed intestinal metaplasia (40% at 30 weeks, 67% at 45 weeks), and after 60 weeks 7 of 12 mice developed significant dysplasia and gastric cancer, recapitulating human intestinal-type gastric carcinogenesis. Wild-type mice developed intestinal metaplasia only after 75 weeks of infection; significant gastric dysplasia was observed in 1 animal (P < .05 for each comparison with p27-/- mice). No disease developed in uninfected mice. H pylori infection in p27-/- mice was associated with significantly decreased apoptosis and increased epithelial proliferation, inflammation, and H pylori density compared with infection in wild-type mice. Conclusions: p27 loss and H pylori colonization cooperate to produce gastric cancer. The p27-deficient mouse affords opportunities to examine the pathogenesis of H pylori in gastric carcinogenesis and to test eradication and chemopreventive strategies.
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