Parametric instabilities of parallel propagating incoherent Alfv́n waves in a finite ion beta plasma

Y. Nariyuki, T. Hada, K. Tsubouchi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    25 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Large amplitude, low-frequency Alfv́n waves constitute one of the most essential elements of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in the fast solar wind. Due to small collisionless dissipation rates, the waves can propagate long distances and efficiently convey such macroscopic quantities as momentum, energy, and helicity. Since loading of such quantities is completed when the waves damp away, it is important to examine how the waves can dissipate in the solar wind. Among various possible dissipation processes of the Alfv́n waves, parametric instabilities have been believed to be important. In this paper, we numerically discuss the parametric instabilities of coherent/incoherent Alfv́n waves in a finite ion beta plasma using a one-dimensional hybrid (superparticle ions plus an electron massless fluid) simulation, in order to explain local production of sunward propagating Alfv́n waves, as suggested by Helios/Ulysses observation results. Parameter studies clarify the dependence of parametric instabilities of coherent/incoherent Alfv́n waves on the ion and electron beta ratio. Parametric instabilities of coherent Alfv́n waves in a finite ion beta plasma are vastly different from those in the cold ions (i.e., MHD and/or Hall-MHD systems), even if the collisionless damping of the Alfv́n waves are neglected. Further, "nonlinearly driven" modulational instability is important for the dissipation of incoherent Alfv́n waves in a finite ion beta plasma regardless of their polarization, since the ion kinetic effects let both the right-hand and left-hand polarized waves become unstable to the modulational instability. The present results suggest that, although the antisunward propagating dispersive Alfv́n waves are efficiently dissipated through the parametric instabilities in a finite ion beta plasma, these instabilities hardly produce the sunward propagating waves.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number122110
    JournalPhysics of Plasmas
    Volume14
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2007

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    ions
    dissipation
    magnetohydrodynamics
    solar wind
    magnetohydrodynamic turbulence
    magnetohydrodynamic stability
    electrons
    kinetic energy
    damping
    low frequencies
    fluids
    kinetics
    polarization
    simulation

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Condensed Matter Physics

    Cite this

    Parametric instabilities of parallel propagating incoherent Alfv́n waves in a finite ion beta plasma. / Nariyuki, Y.; Hada, T.; Tsubouchi, K.

    In: Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 14, No. 12, 122110, 01.12.2007.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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