In order to elucidate the role of parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) in tooth development, we treated tooth germ explants of mouse molars with antisense phosphorothioate-oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) against PTHrP. Antisense ODN-treatment of the explants resulted in the invasion of the tooth germs by bone. The number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive cells around the tooth germs in antisense ODN-treated explants was much lower than that of the control explants. Electron microscopic examination suggested that the antisense ODN-treatment inhibited differentiation of osteoclasts. Treatment of the explants with bisphosphonate or vitamin K2, inhibitors of the differentiation of osteoclasts, induced the invasion by bone into the tooth germs as observed in the antisense ODN-treated explants. The results obtained suggest that PTHrP is involved in the mechanism protecting tooth germs from bone invasion by promoting the differentiation of osteoclasts around them. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental Biology