The addition of ANF to Percoll-purified liver plasma membranes produced a slight activation of guanylate cyclase; the ANF-stimulated cyclase activity was further increased upon the addition of ATP to the enzyme assay mixture. The effect of ATP to potentiate the cyclase activation was concentration-dependent, required Mg2+ as a divalent cation, and was seen with membranes from various tissues and cells. ATP increased the maximal velocity of the cyclase without a change in the affinity for GTP or ANF. Phosphorylation by ATP might not be involved since ANF-stimulated guanylate cyclase was enhanced by non-phosphorylating ATP analogues as well. Thus, an allosteric ATP binding site is suggested to participate in ANF-induced regulation of membrane-bound guanylate cyclase.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology