Past summer upwelling events in the Gulf of Oman derived from a coral geochemical record

Takaaki K. Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Atsuko Ishida, Miriam Pfeiffer, Dieter Garbe-Schönberg, Michel R. Claereboudt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We used a high-resolution oxygen isotope (δ18Ocoral), carbon isotope (δ13Ccoral) and Sr/Ca ratios measured in the skeleton of a reef-building coral, Porites sp., to reveal seasonal-scale upwelling events and their interannual variability in the Gulf of Oman. Our δ13Ccoral record shows sharp negative excursions in the summer, which correlate with known upwelling events. Using δ13Ccoral anomalies as a proxy for upwelling, we found 17 summer upwelling events occurred in the last 26 years. These anomalous negative excursions of δ13Ccoral result from upwelled water depleted in 13C (dissolved inorganic carbon) and decreased water-column transparency. We reconstructed biweekly SSTs from coral Sr/Ca ratios and the oxygen isotopic composition of seawater (δ18OSW) by subtracting the reconstructed Sr/Ca-SST from δ18Ocoral. Significant δ18OSW anomalies occur during major upwelling events. Our results suggest δ13Ccoral anomalies can be used as a proxy for seasonal upwelling intensity in the Gulf of Oman, which, driven by the Indian/Arabian Summer Monsoon, is subject to interannual variability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4568
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

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Oman
Anthozoa
Proxy
Oxygen Isotopes
Carbon Isotopes
Coral Reefs
Water
Seawater
Skeleton
Carbon
Oxygen

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Watanabe, T. K., Watanabe, T., Ishida, A., Pfeiffer, M., Garbe-Schönberg, D., & Claereboudt, M. R. (2017). Past summer upwelling events in the Gulf of Oman derived from a coral geochemical record. Scientific reports, 7(1), [4568]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-04865-5

Past summer upwelling events in the Gulf of Oman derived from a coral geochemical record. / Watanabe, Takaaki K.; Watanabe, Tsuyoshi; Ishida, Atsuko; Pfeiffer, Miriam; Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter; Claereboudt, Michel R.

In: Scientific reports, Vol. 7, No. 1, 4568, 01.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Watanabe, TK, Watanabe, T, Ishida, A, Pfeiffer, M, Garbe-Schönberg, D & Claereboudt, MR 2017, 'Past summer upwelling events in the Gulf of Oman derived from a coral geochemical record', Scientific reports, vol. 7, no. 1, 4568. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-04865-5
Watanabe, Takaaki K. ; Watanabe, Tsuyoshi ; Ishida, Atsuko ; Pfeiffer, Miriam ; Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter ; Claereboudt, Michel R. / Past summer upwelling events in the Gulf of Oman derived from a coral geochemical record. In: Scientific reports. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 1.
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