Pathological changes of distal motor neurons after complete spinal cord injury

Kazuya Yokota, Kensuke Kubota, Kazu Kobayakawa, Takeyuki Saito, Masamitsu Hara, Ken Kijima, Takeshi Maeda, Hiroyuki Katoh, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Yasuharu Nakashima, Seiji Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) causes serious disruption of neuronal circuits that leads to motor functional deficits. Regeneration of disrupted circuits back to their original target is necessary for the restoration of function after SCI, but the pathophysiological condition of the caudal spinal cord has not been sufficiently studied. Here we investigated the histological and biological changes in the distal part of the injured spinal cord, using a mice model of complete thoracic SCI in the chronic stage (3 months after injury). Atrophic changes were widely observed in the injured spinal cord both rostral and caudal to the lesion, but the decrease in area was mainly in the white matter in the rostral spinal cord while both the white and gray matter decreased in the caudal spinal cord. The number of the motor neurons was maintained in the chronic phase of injury, but the number of presynaptic boutons decreased in the lumbar motor neurons caudal to the lesion. Using laser microdissection, to investigate gene expressions in motor neurons caudal to the lesion, we observed a decrease in the expressions of neuronal activity markers. However, we found that the synaptogenic potential of postsynapse molecules was maintained in the motor neurons after SCI with the expression of acetylcholine-related molecules actually higher after SCI. Collectively, our results show that the potential of synaptogenesis is maintained in the motor neurons caudal to the lesion, even though presynaptic input is decreased. Although researches into SCI concentrate their effort on the lesion epicenter, our findings suggest that the area caudal to the lesion could be an original therapeutic target for the chronically injured spinal cord.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
JournalMolecular Brain
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 9 2019

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Motor Neurons
Spinal Cord Injuries
Spinal Cord
Microdissection
Thoracic Injuries
Wounds and Injuries
Acetylcholine
Regeneration
Lasers
Gene Expression
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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Pathological changes of distal motor neurons after complete spinal cord injury. / Yokota, Kazuya; Kubota, Kensuke; Kobayakawa, Kazu; Saito, Takeyuki; Hara, Masamitsu; Kijima, Ken; Maeda, Takeshi; Katoh, Hiroyuki; Ohkawa, Yasuyuki; Nakashima, Yasuharu; Okada, Seiji.

In: Molecular Brain, Vol. 12, No. 1, 4, 09.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yokota, Kazuya ; Kubota, Kensuke ; Kobayakawa, Kazu ; Saito, Takeyuki ; Hara, Masamitsu ; Kijima, Ken ; Maeda, Takeshi ; Katoh, Hiroyuki ; Ohkawa, Yasuyuki ; Nakashima, Yasuharu ; Okada, Seiji. / Pathological changes of distal motor neurons after complete spinal cord injury. In: Molecular Brain. 2019 ; Vol. 12, No. 1.
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