Pathophysiological basis for monitoring of whole heart conductance by 2-lead system

Yuichiro Yasuda, Toru Maruyama, Hirofumi Nakamura, Takeshi Arita, Norihiro Ueda, Mine Harada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The defibrillation threshold (DFT) is elevated during myocardial ischemia, but the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. The hypothesis tested by the present study was that whole heart conductance (WHC) is a determinant of DFT. Methods and Results: WHC was monitored across the longest diameter of the isolated perfused rat heart, using a 2-electrode instrument under various conditions including ischemia-reperfusion (IR). In the control study, WHC was influenced by the conductivity and flow rate of the solution. In IR, WHC decreased immediately after the onset of perfusion arrest in a single exponential manner, then declined again gradually. The second decrease was augmented and accelerated by pretreatment with 1.0 mmol/L heptanol (p<0.005) or high-[Ca2+]e (p<0.001), and was attenuated and delayed by pretreatment with 1.0 μmol/L verapamil (p<0.01). WHC after reperfusion was greater than the pre ischemic level. The postischemic increase in WHC was proportional to the ischemic interval and tissue water content as assessed by desiccation method. Conclusion: Although time-dependent alterations in DFT in ischemic hearts may be attributable at least in part to dynamic changes in WHC, WHC should be interpreted carefully because it reflects many physiological factors such as coronary perfusion, electrical coupling of cardiac myocytes and tissue edema.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-501
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume70
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 4 2006

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Reperfusion
Ischemia
Perfusion
Heptanol
Lead
Desiccation
Verapamil
Cardiac Myocytes
Myocardial Ischemia
Edema
Electrodes
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Pathophysiological basis for monitoring of whole heart conductance by 2-lead system. / Yasuda, Yuichiro; Maruyama, Toru; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Arita, Takeshi; Ueda, Norihiro; Harada, Mine.

In: Circulation Journal, Vol. 70, No. 4, 04.04.2006, p. 495-501.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yasuda, Yuichiro ; Maruyama, Toru ; Nakamura, Hirofumi ; Arita, Takeshi ; Ueda, Norihiro ; Harada, Mine. / Pathophysiological basis for monitoring of whole heart conductance by 2-lead system. In: Circulation Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 70, No. 4. pp. 495-501.
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