Patient reported outcomes after high tibial osteotomy show comparable results at different ages in the mid-term to long-term follow-up

Umito Kuwashima, Ken Okazaki, Kenyu Iwasaki, Yukio Akasaki, Hideya Kawamura, Hideki Mizu-uchi, Satoshi Hamai, Yasuharu Nakashima

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Few studies have evaluated the impact of age on patient-reported outcomes in the long-term follow-up after high tibial valgus osteotomy (HTO). The purpose of this study is to assess the association between age at surgery and patient-reported clinical outcomes in the mid-term to long-term follow-up of HTO. Materials and methods: We mailed the 2011 Knee Society score (KSS) questionnaires to 234 consecutive patients (295 knees) who had undergone closing-wedge HTO, and 158 patients (202 knees, 68.5%) returned a completed questionnaire. The cohort was divided into two groups depending on the age at the time of surgery, and pairs matched the follow-up period and sex was created. The mean follow-up period was approximately 12 years. KSS scores at the final follow-up were compared between two groups using the Student t test and chi-square test, and the survival rates were calculated using Kaplan–Meier survival curves. Results: The symptom, satisfaction, and expectation scores were not significantly different between the ≤64-year-old patients and ≥65-year-old patients. The functional activities score was significantly lower in older patients than in younger patients. The overall survival rates of HTO were 99.1 ± 0.4% at 5 years, 94.4 ± 1.2% at 10 years, and 84.6 ± 2.7% at 15 years. There was no significant difference in the survival rate after HTO between the two groups divided by the age (p = 0.602). Conclusions: Pain relief and satisfaction after HTO in older patients were comparable to those in younger patients in the mid-term to long-term follow-up, although the functional activity was affected by age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)855-860
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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