Deficient repair of nucleotide mismatches in the genome is considered a major factor in tumorigenesis. Such deficiency is evidenced by alterations in dinucleotide repeats of microsatellite sequences, specifically microsatellite instability (MSI) or replication errors. We investigated the frequency of MSI in human gliomas in terms of patient outcome. Frequency of MSI was estimated by examining five loci on chromosomes 2, 5, 10, 11, and 13 in 31 gliomas using high-resolution fluorescent microsatellite analysis. MSI was found at all loci in only 2 malignant gliomas (6.5%). MSI was detected at the D10S197 locus in 3 of 11 glioblastomas (27.2%) and 4 of 8 anaplastic astrocytomas (50%), while no MSI was detected in low-grade gliomas. Among patients with anaplastic astrocytoma, the 4 with MSI at D10S197 died from local recurrence less than 18 months after surgery, while 3 of the patients without MSI survived for more than 20 months. MSI at D10S197 may be a prognostic marker for patients with anaplastic astrocytomas.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research