Patterns of poisoning are known to be different in different countries, because of the local environmental, cultural, and religious situations. Therefore, in Japan, it is important to know the pattern of poisoning in our own country and to prepare for every poisoning case by establishing an efficient systematic toxicological analysis system in forensic practice. We conducted a retrospective study of the kinds of compounds causing poisonings and the frequency of their use based on two series of reports dealing with poisoning cases in Japan prepared by the National Research Institute of Police Science and the Japanese Society of Legal Medicine for 2003 to 2006. From these reports, 459 and 177 compounds, respectively, were extracted as poisonous compounds over the study period. After data analysis, we selected 314 drugs and poisons as important target compounds for systematic drug analysis in Japan; they included 36 volatile compounds, 14 abused drugs, 170 medical drugs, 60 pesticides, 13 natural toxins, and 21 others. This is the first study to show the toxic drugs and poisons to be analyzed in Japan based on frequency of use, and as such the list will be useful in establishing the most efficient screening system in forensic practice.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Biochemistry, medical