PD-L1 and IDO1 expression and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in osteosarcoma patients: comparative study of primary and metastatic lesions

Yu Toda, Kenichi Kohashi, Yuichi Yamada, Masato Yoshimoto, Shin Ishihara, Yoshihiro Ito, Takeshi Iwasaki, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Yoshihiro Matsumoto, Yasuharu Nakashima, Masaaki Mawatari, Yoshinao Oda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) are immunosuppressive proteins known to be associated with poor prognosis in various cancers. However, their expression and clinical relevance in osteosarcoma remain unknown. In this study, the relationships of PD-L1 and IDO1 expression with clinicopathological features and prognosis were explored. Methods: The expression of PD-L1, IDO1, CD3, CD4, and CD8 in 112 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor tissues collected by biopsy or surgical resection from 56 osteosarcoma patients was evaluated immunohistochemically. Moreover, four osteosarcoma cell lines were evaluated for the effects of IFNγ on PD-L1 and IDO1 mRNA expression by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Results: In pre-neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) primary specimens, 10 cases (17%) showed PD-L1 expression and 12 (21%) showed IDO1 expression. Six of ten cases (60%) with PD-L1 positivity co-expressed IDO1. In post-NAC metastatic lesions, the frequency of immunoexpression of PD-L1 and IDO1 was increased compared with that in pre-NAC specimens. PD-L1 and/or IDO1 expression was not associated with poor prognosis. PD-L1 immunoexpression was significantly associated with the infiltration of CD3+ T cells, CD4+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells; while, IDO1 immunoexpression was significantly associated with the infiltration of CD3+ T cells and CD4+ T cells. In all osteosarcoma cell lines, PD-L1 and IDO1 expression was upregulated by stimulation with IFNγ. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the PD-L1 and IDO1 immune checkpoint inhibitors may provide clinical benefit in osteosarcoma patients with metastatic lesions after conventional chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2607-2620
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Volume146
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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