PEFC electrocatalysts supported on Nb-SnO2 for MEAs with high activity and durability

Part II. Application of bimetallic Pt-alloy catalysts

S. Matsumoto, M. Nagamine, Z. Noda, Junko Matsuda, Stephen Matthew Lyth, Akari Hayashi, Kazunari Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Bimetallic Pt-alloys supported on niobium-doped tin oxide (Nb-SnO2) with a vapor-grown carbon fiber (VGCF) backbone are presented as electrocatalysts for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEFCs). These can simultaneously achieve both high catalytic activity and high cycling durability for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). This was confirmed both in half-cell and full-cell membrane electrode assembly (MEA) configuration, using 60,000 start-stop potential cycles and 400,000 load potential cycles. In this study, we focus on alloying Pt with Co or Ni, and the best performance is achieved for Pt3Co/Nb-SnO2/VGCF electrocatalysts. The catalyst particles are selectively decorated on the Nb-SnO2, resulting in improved resistance to carbon corrosion. Pt3Co alloying was verified by FE-SEM and high-resolution STEM-EDS. High initial mass activity of 274 A g−1 at 0.9 VRHE and 1840 A g−1 at 0.85 VRHE was achieved, with enhanced durability compared to conventional Pt/C electrocatalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F1164-F1175
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume165
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

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Electrocatalysts
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Durability
Alloying
Catalysts
Carbon fibers
Vapors
Niobium
Cell membranes
Tin oxides
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Catalyst activity
Carbon
Corrosion
Oxygen
Scanning electron microscopy
Electrodes
carbon fiber

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "PEFC electrocatalysts supported on Nb-SnO2 for MEAs with high activity and durability: Part II. Application of bimetallic Pt-alloy catalysts",
abstract = "Bimetallic Pt-alloys supported on niobium-doped tin oxide (Nb-SnO2) with a vapor-grown carbon fiber (VGCF) backbone are presented as electrocatalysts for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEFCs). These can simultaneously achieve both high catalytic activity and high cycling durability for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). This was confirmed both in half-cell and full-cell membrane electrode assembly (MEA) configuration, using 60,000 start-stop potential cycles and 400,000 load potential cycles. In this study, we focus on alloying Pt with Co or Ni, and the best performance is achieved for Pt3Co/Nb-SnO2/VGCF electrocatalysts. The catalyst particles are selectively decorated on the Nb-SnO2, resulting in improved resistance to carbon corrosion. Pt3Co alloying was verified by FE-SEM and high-resolution STEM-EDS. High initial mass activity of 274 A g−1 at 0.9 VRHE and 1840 A g−1 at 0.85 VRHE was achieved, with enhanced durability compared to conventional Pt/C electrocatalysts.",
author = "S. Matsumoto and M. Nagamine and Z. Noda and Junko Matsuda and Lyth, {Stephen Matthew} and Akari Hayashi and Kazunari Sasaki",
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AU - Nagamine, M.

AU - Noda, Z.

AU - Matsuda, Junko

AU - Lyth, Stephen Matthew

AU - Hayashi, Akari

AU - Sasaki, Kazunari

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N2 - Bimetallic Pt-alloys supported on niobium-doped tin oxide (Nb-SnO2) with a vapor-grown carbon fiber (VGCF) backbone are presented as electrocatalysts for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEFCs). These can simultaneously achieve both high catalytic activity and high cycling durability for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). This was confirmed both in half-cell and full-cell membrane electrode assembly (MEA) configuration, using 60,000 start-stop potential cycles and 400,000 load potential cycles. In this study, we focus on alloying Pt with Co or Ni, and the best performance is achieved for Pt3Co/Nb-SnO2/VGCF electrocatalysts. The catalyst particles are selectively decorated on the Nb-SnO2, resulting in improved resistance to carbon corrosion. Pt3Co alloying was verified by FE-SEM and high-resolution STEM-EDS. High initial mass activity of 274 A g−1 at 0.9 VRHE and 1840 A g−1 at 0.85 VRHE was achieved, with enhanced durability compared to conventional Pt/C electrocatalysts.

AB - Bimetallic Pt-alloys supported on niobium-doped tin oxide (Nb-SnO2) with a vapor-grown carbon fiber (VGCF) backbone are presented as electrocatalysts for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEFCs). These can simultaneously achieve both high catalytic activity and high cycling durability for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). This was confirmed both in half-cell and full-cell membrane electrode assembly (MEA) configuration, using 60,000 start-stop potential cycles and 400,000 load potential cycles. In this study, we focus on alloying Pt with Co or Ni, and the best performance is achieved for Pt3Co/Nb-SnO2/VGCF electrocatalysts. The catalyst particles are selectively decorated on the Nb-SnO2, resulting in improved resistance to carbon corrosion. Pt3Co alloying was verified by FE-SEM and high-resolution STEM-EDS. High initial mass activity of 274 A g−1 at 0.9 VRHE and 1840 A g−1 at 0.85 VRHE was achieved, with enhanced durability compared to conventional Pt/C electrocatalysts.

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