Perceiving active listening activates the reward system and improves the impression of relevant experiences

Hiroaki Kawamichi, Kazufumi Yoshihara, Akihiro T. Sasaki, Sho K. Sugawara, Hiroki C. Tanabe, Ryoji Shinohara, Yuka Sugisawa, Kentaro Tokutake, Yukiko Mochizuki, Tokie Anme, Norihiro Sadato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although active listening is an influential behavior, which can affect the social responses of others, the neural correlates underlying its perception have remained unclear. Sensing active listening in social interactions is accompanied by an improvement in the recollected impressions of relevant experiences and is thought to arouse positive feelings. We therefore hypothesized that the recognition of active listening activates the reward system, and that the emotional appraisal of experiences that had been subject to active listening would be improved. To test these hypotheses, we conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) on participants viewing assessments of their own personal experiences made by evaluators with or without active listening attitude. Subjects rated evaluators who showed active listening more positively. Furthermore, they rated episodes more positively when they were evaluated by individuals showing active listening. Neural activation in the ventral striatum was enhanced by perceiving active listening, suggesting that this was processed as rewarding. It also activated the right anterior insula, representing positive emotional reappraisal processes. Furthermore, the mentalizing network was activated when participants were being evaluated, irrespective of active listening behavior. Therefore, perceiving active listening appeared to result in positive emotional appraisal and to invoke mental state attribution to the active listener.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-26
Number of pages11
JournalSocial Neuroscience
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2 2015

Fingerprint

Reward
reward
Theory of Mind
Interpersonal Relations
Emotions
experience
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
listener
activation
attribution
interaction
appraisal
Recognition (Psychology)
Ventral Striatum
test

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Development
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Perceiving active listening activates the reward system and improves the impression of relevant experiences. / Kawamichi, Hiroaki; Yoshihara, Kazufumi; Sasaki, Akihiro T.; Sugawara, Sho K.; Tanabe, Hiroki C.; Shinohara, Ryoji; Sugisawa, Yuka; Tokutake, Kentaro; Mochizuki, Yukiko; Anme, Tokie; Sadato, Norihiro.

In: Social Neuroscience, Vol. 10, No. 1, 02.01.2015, p. 16-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kawamichi, H, Yoshihara, K, Sasaki, AT, Sugawara, SK, Tanabe, HC, Shinohara, R, Sugisawa, Y, Tokutake, K, Mochizuki, Y, Anme, T & Sadato, N 2015, 'Perceiving active listening activates the reward system and improves the impression of relevant experiences', Social Neuroscience, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 16-26. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2014.954732
Kawamichi, Hiroaki ; Yoshihara, Kazufumi ; Sasaki, Akihiro T. ; Sugawara, Sho K. ; Tanabe, Hiroki C. ; Shinohara, Ryoji ; Sugisawa, Yuka ; Tokutake, Kentaro ; Mochizuki, Yukiko ; Anme, Tokie ; Sadato, Norihiro. / Perceiving active listening activates the reward system and improves the impression of relevant experiences. In: Social Neuroscience. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 16-26.
@article{9919b31849e74917ab4566bcd59bc190,
title = "Perceiving active listening activates the reward system and improves the impression of relevant experiences",
abstract = "Although active listening is an influential behavior, which can affect the social responses of others, the neural correlates underlying its perception have remained unclear. Sensing active listening in social interactions is accompanied by an improvement in the recollected impressions of relevant experiences and is thought to arouse positive feelings. We therefore hypothesized that the recognition of active listening activates the reward system, and that the emotional appraisal of experiences that had been subject to active listening would be improved. To test these hypotheses, we conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) on participants viewing assessments of their own personal experiences made by evaluators with or without active listening attitude. Subjects rated evaluators who showed active listening more positively. Furthermore, they rated episodes more positively when they were evaluated by individuals showing active listening. Neural activation in the ventral striatum was enhanced by perceiving active listening, suggesting that this was processed as rewarding. It also activated the right anterior insula, representing positive emotional reappraisal processes. Furthermore, the mentalizing network was activated when participants were being evaluated, irrespective of active listening behavior. Therefore, perceiving active listening appeared to result in positive emotional appraisal and to invoke mental state attribution to the active listener.",
author = "Hiroaki Kawamichi and Kazufumi Yoshihara and Sasaki, {Akihiro T.} and Sugawara, {Sho K.} and Tanabe, {Hiroki C.} and Ryoji Shinohara and Yuka Sugisawa and Kentaro Tokutake and Yukiko Mochizuki and Tokie Anme and Norihiro Sadato",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/17470919.2014.954732",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "16--26",
journal = "Social Neuroscience",
issn = "1747-0919",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perceiving active listening activates the reward system and improves the impression of relevant experiences

AU - Kawamichi, Hiroaki

AU - Yoshihara, Kazufumi

AU - Sasaki, Akihiro T.

AU - Sugawara, Sho K.

AU - Tanabe, Hiroki C.

AU - Shinohara, Ryoji

AU - Sugisawa, Yuka

AU - Tokutake, Kentaro

AU - Mochizuki, Yukiko

AU - Anme, Tokie

AU - Sadato, Norihiro

PY - 2015/1/2

Y1 - 2015/1/2

N2 - Although active listening is an influential behavior, which can affect the social responses of others, the neural correlates underlying its perception have remained unclear. Sensing active listening in social interactions is accompanied by an improvement in the recollected impressions of relevant experiences and is thought to arouse positive feelings. We therefore hypothesized that the recognition of active listening activates the reward system, and that the emotional appraisal of experiences that had been subject to active listening would be improved. To test these hypotheses, we conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) on participants viewing assessments of their own personal experiences made by evaluators with or without active listening attitude. Subjects rated evaluators who showed active listening more positively. Furthermore, they rated episodes more positively when they were evaluated by individuals showing active listening. Neural activation in the ventral striatum was enhanced by perceiving active listening, suggesting that this was processed as rewarding. It also activated the right anterior insula, representing positive emotional reappraisal processes. Furthermore, the mentalizing network was activated when participants were being evaluated, irrespective of active listening behavior. Therefore, perceiving active listening appeared to result in positive emotional appraisal and to invoke mental state attribution to the active listener.

AB - Although active listening is an influential behavior, which can affect the social responses of others, the neural correlates underlying its perception have remained unclear. Sensing active listening in social interactions is accompanied by an improvement in the recollected impressions of relevant experiences and is thought to arouse positive feelings. We therefore hypothesized that the recognition of active listening activates the reward system, and that the emotional appraisal of experiences that had been subject to active listening would be improved. To test these hypotheses, we conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) on participants viewing assessments of their own personal experiences made by evaluators with or without active listening attitude. Subjects rated evaluators who showed active listening more positively. Furthermore, they rated episodes more positively when they were evaluated by individuals showing active listening. Neural activation in the ventral striatum was enhanced by perceiving active listening, suggesting that this was processed as rewarding. It also activated the right anterior insula, representing positive emotional reappraisal processes. Furthermore, the mentalizing network was activated when participants were being evaluated, irrespective of active listening behavior. Therefore, perceiving active listening appeared to result in positive emotional appraisal and to invoke mental state attribution to the active listener.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84914126832&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84914126832&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/17470919.2014.954732

DO - 10.1080/17470919.2014.954732

M3 - Article

C2 - 25188354

AN - SCOPUS:84914126832

VL - 10

SP - 16

EP - 26

JO - Social Neuroscience

JF - Social Neuroscience

SN - 1747-0919

IS - 1

ER -