Performance evaluation of hydrophilic organic polymer sorbents for desiccant air-conditioning applications

Muhammad Sultan, Takahiko Miyazaki, Shigeru Koyama, Zahid M. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study provides performance evaluation of two kinds of crosslinked hydrophilic organic polymer sorbents (PS-I and PS-II) for desiccant air-conditioning applications. In this regard, optimum temperature and humidity zones are established for various air-conditioning applications which include (i) humans’ thermal comfort, (ii) animals’ thermal comfort, and (iii) postharvest storage of fruits/vegetables. Honeycomb-like desiccant blocks composed of PS-I/PS-II are assumed for numerical simulation analysis. The numerical simulation model is programmed into MATLAB which utilizes the scientific relationships of adsorption isotherms, adsorption kinetics, isosteric heat of adsorption, and thermophysical properties for each sorbent. A particular desiccant air-conditioning system design is proposed, and numerical simulation has been conducted for the performance evaluation of PS-I and PS-II. According to the results, PS-I enables higher dehumidification than PS-II at low regeneration temperature (50℃) and cycle time of 60:90 min. It is because the PS-I possesses better water vapor sorption kinetics as compared to PS-II. Although the PS-II enabled higher steady-state adsorption amount but it could not influence the overall system performance. On the other hand, the optimum performance by the PS-II is limited to relatively long cycle time and higher regeneration temperature (≥80℃). It has been concluded that the PS-I is relatively better choice for desiccant air-conditioning, and consequently can be considered for various air-conditioning applications. Furthermore, effects of mass flow rate, isosteric heat of adsorption, regeneration temperature, and cycle time on air humidity ratio and air temperature profiles have been discussed in order to highlight the performance variability of desiccant air-conditioning system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-326
Number of pages16
JournalAdsorption Science and Technology
Volume36
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018

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Hygroscopic Agents
desiccants
air conditioning
Organic polymers
sorbents
Sorbents
Air conditioning
evaluation
polymers
adsorption
regeneration
thermal comfort
Adsorption
Thermal comfort
cycles
humidity
Atmospheric humidity
Computer simulation
Temperature
dehumidification

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Performance evaluation of hydrophilic organic polymer sorbents for desiccant air-conditioning applications. / Sultan, Muhammad; Miyazaki, Takahiko; Koyama, Shigeru; Khan, Zahid M.

In: Adsorption Science and Technology, Vol. 36, No. 1-2, 01.02.2018, p. 311-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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