Performance improvement and functionalization of an electrode array for retinal prosthesis by iridium oxide coating and introduction of smart-wiring technology using CMOS microchips

Toshihiko Noda, Kiyotaka Sasagawa, Takashi Tokuda, Yasuo Terasawa, Hiroyuki Tashiro, Hiroyuki Kanda, Takashi Fujikado, Jun Ohta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The improvement of an electrode array for retinal prosthesis is described. Two elements of fundamental technology required in next-generation retinal prosthesis, the miniaturization of and wiring of a stimulus electrode, were investigated. To miniaturize the stimulus electrode without performance degradation, surface coating by iridium oxide (IrOx), a high performance material, was introduced. The electrochemical properties and durability of an IrOx coated electrode were evaluated through in vitro and in vivo experimentation. Results showed that IrOx coating delivers a higher performance with sufficient durability and contributes to the miniaturization of the electrode without degrading the stimulus capability. Smart-wiring technology using CMOS microchips was also investigated. A prototype electrode array with CMOS microchips was fabricated to clarify the concept. A dedicated CMOS microchip was hybrid-integrated into a stimulus electrode array. Results of in vivo experiments showed that the fabricated array stimulated retinal cells effectively. Miniaturized electrodes with an IrOx coating and smart-wiring technology enable the fabrication of a super-multi-channel (i.e., more than 1000) electrode array, which is required for next-generation retinal prosthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-37
Number of pages11
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
Volume211
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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