Performance of compact liquid helium free 3He-4He dilution refrigerator directly coupled with GM cooler in TES microcalorimeter operation

T. Umeno, Y. Kamioka, S. Yoshida, K. Maehata, K. Ishibashi, K. Takasaki, K. Tanaka

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2 Citations (Scopus)


A superconducting transition edge thermosensor (TES) microcalorimeter was cooled by a compact liquid-helium-free 3He-4He dilution refrigerator with loading a Gifford-McMahon (GM) cooler for detection of LX-ray photons emitted from an 241Am source. The first and second stages of the GM cooler are directly coupled with the first and the second precool heat exchangers of a stick shaped dilution unit through copper plates in the vacuum chamber, respectively. The circulating 3He-4He gas through the precooled heat exchangers is condensed into a liquid of condense mixture by the isoenthalpic expansion through the Joule-Thomson impedance. A cascade of two mixing chambers are employed for achieving sufficient cooling power. The helium-free dilution refrigerator performs the cooling power of 20 μW at 100 mK. The TES and SQUID chips suffered from mechanical vibrations induced by a reciprocating motion of the displacer of the GM cooler. Detection signals of LX-ray photons emitted from 241Am source were observed by operating the TES microcalorimeter in severe noise environment induced by mechanical vibrations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012051
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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