Periodontal status and lung function decline in the community: the Hisayama study

Kenji Takeuchi, Koichiro Matsumoto, Michiko Furuta, Satoru Fukuyama, Toru Takeshita, Hiroaki Ogata, Shino Suma, Yukie Shibata, Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Jun Hata, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Yoichi Nakanishi, Hiromasa Inoue, Yoshihisa Yamashita

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to determine whether periodontal status is related to a decline in lung function in a general Japanese population. We followed a total of 1,650 community-dwelling individuals (≥40 years) without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, with at least one teeth, for 3 years. Periodontal status was assessed at baseline by clinical attachment loss (CAL) and probing pocket depth (PPD) at two sites for each tooth, and the mean values were calculated for each subject. Lung function was measured at baseline and follow-up using spirometry, and longitudinal decline in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) was calculated. Multivariate Poisson regression with robust error variance was used to estimate risk ratio (RR). After adjusting for potential confounders including smoking status, there was a tendency for the adjusted RR of developing rapid lung function decline (≥160 mL/3years, the highest quartile of the distribution of FEV1 declines) to increase as mean CAL levels increased (P trend = 0.039). Likewise, a positive association was observed between mean PPD levels and RR of developing rapid lung function decline (P trend = 0.047). Our findings suggest deterioration of periodontal status could be a risk factor for rapid lung function decline in the general Japanese population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13354
JournalScientific reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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