Perioperative management in children with sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) undergoing adenoidotonsillectomy

Ju MizuNO, Mikiko Nemoto, Tomoko Sato, Takeshi Yokoyama, Kazuo Hanaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We should take care of the occurrences of apnea and hypopnea after emergence from general anesthesia in the children with sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) due to an increase in sensitivity to opioid agonists given for previous recurrent hypoxia. Preoperative assessment for SAS with apnea hypopnea index (AHI), oxygen desaturation index (ODI), and minimum artery oxygen saturation by pulse oxymetry (lowest SP02) obtained from polysomnography (PSG) test could help to predict the postoperative respiratory depression. In perioperative management in the children with SAS who are candidates for adenotonsillectomy, the dose of opioid agonists during anesthesia maintenance for purpose of postoperative analgesia and sedation should be reduced ; postoperative respiratory and circulatory management with monitoring of respiratory movement of the thoracoabdominal part, and electrographic (ECG) and Spo2 monitoring should be continued intensively under long-term oxygen administration ; and airway management, nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP), and artificial ventilation should be prepared for the occurrence of postoperative respiratory depression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-160
Number of pages9
JournalJapanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Volume62
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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