Although beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB), arginine (Arg), and glutamine (Gln) may contribute to wound healing, no prospective studies have investigated the efficacy of a compound consisting of HMB, Arg, and Gln (HMB/Arg/Gln) for reducing wound complications following open abdominal surgery. Objective. This study evaluates the usefulness of perioperative nutrition using HMB/Arg/Gln in patients who were scheduled to undergo open surgery for abdominal malignancies in a randomized controlled trial. Materials and Methods. Patients scheduled for open surgery for abdominal malignancies were randomized to receive HMB/Arg/Gln (1.2 g HMB, 7 g L-Arg, and 7 g L-Gln) or placebo (isocaloric juice). The supplements were provided once daily for 3 days preoperatively and once daily for 7 days postoperatively. The primary endpoint was the incidence of wound complications. Secondary endpoints included the incidence of other complications, postoperative duration of hospital stay, total-body skeletal muscle mass, handgrip strength, and skin water content. Results. Sixty-one patients were randomly assigned to either the HMB/Arg/Gln (n ≤ 31) or the placebo (n ≤ 30) group. One patient in the HMB/Arg/Gln group was ineligible because laparoscopic surgery was performed; thus, 60 patients were analyzed. The incidence of wound complications (20%) was the same in both groups (P ≤ 1.000). There were no significant differences in the incidence of other complications, body composition, handgrip strength, or skin water content between the 2 groups. Serum growth hormone (GH) levels were significantly higher for patients whose total intake was > 80% of planned volume in the HMB/Arg/Gln group. Conclusions. The incidence of wound complications would not be reduced by perioperative HMB/Arg/Gln administration in patients who underwent open surgery. The efficacy of HMB/Arg/Gln for increasing serum GH levels needs to be validated in another large-scale randomized controlled trial.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2018|
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