In 56 pediatric and adolescent patients (median age 7 years, range 1-21) with various solid tumors, peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) were mobilized with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) alone, and the yields of PBSC and engraftment kinetics following autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) were evaluated retrospectively. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (10 μg/kg) was injected subcutaneously for mobilization when patients showed no influence of previous chemotherapy, and administration was continued for 5 days. The peaks of CD34+ cells and colony-forming units-granulocyte/macrophage in the blood were observed on days 4 through 6 of G-CSF administration in all patients. Peripheral blood stem cell harvest was commenced on day 5 of G-CSF treatment. Compared to the results in patients mobilized by chemotherapy plus G-CSF (N = 18), the progenitor cell yields were lower in patients mobilized with G-CSF alone. However, there were no significant differences in WBC and ANC engraftment compared to the chemotherapy plus G-CSF mobilization group. Platelet recovery following autologous PBSCT was delayed in patients mobilized with G-CSF alone. The median time taken for ANC and platelet counts to reach 0.5 × 109 and 20 × 109/l was 12 days (range: 9-28) and 15 days (8-55), respectively, in all patients who received PBSC mobilized by G-CSF alone. In summary, mobilization with G-CSF alone can mobilize sufficient CD34+ cells for successful autografting and sustained hematological reconstitution in pediatric and adolescent patients with solid tumors, and even in heavily pre-treated patients.
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