Peritumoral injection of adenovirus vector expressing NK4 combined with gemcitabine treatment suppresses growth and metastasis of human pancreatic cancer cells implanted orthotopically in nude mice and prolongs survival

Y. Ogura, K. Mizumoto, E. Nagai, M. Murakami, N. Inadome, M. Saimura, K. Matsumoto, T. Nakamura, M. Maemondo, T. Nukiwa, M. Tanaka

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Abstract

NK4 or adenovirus vector expressing NK4 (Ad-NK4) can act bifunctionally as a hepatocyte growth factor antagonist and angiogenesis inhibitor and has potential value in cancer therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of Ad-NK4 in combination with gemcitabine (GEM) against pancreatic cancer. In vitro study showed a strong antiproliferative effect of GEM and a potent anti-invasive effect of Ad-NK4 against pancreatic cancer cells. In in vivo experiments, SUIT-2 human pancreatic cancer cells were implanted into the pancreas of nude mice. Mice were treated with Ad-NK4 by injection into the peritumoral region of the pancreas on day 5 after implantation followed by weekly i.p. injections of GEM. On day 28 after implantation, pancreatic tumor volume was significantly smaller than that in mice treated with Ad-LacZ, Ad-NK4 alone, or GEM alone. Furthermore, combination therapy completely suppressed peritoneal dissemination and liver metastases, leading to significantly increased survival. Histologic and immunohistochemical assays of primary tumors indicated that combination therapy prohibited both cell proliferation and angiogenesis, resulting in high levels of apoptosis. These results suggest that peritumoral injection of Ad-NK4 plus GEM is a potent combination therapy for pancreatic cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-529
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Gene Therapy
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2006

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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