Perovskite-Type InCoO3 with Low-Spin Co3+: Effect of In-O Covalency on Structural Stabilization in Comparison with Rare-Earth Series

Koji Fujita, Takahiro Kawamoto, Ikuya Yamada, Olivier Hernandez, Hirofumi Akamatsu, Yu Kumagai, Fumiyasu Oba, Pascal Manuel, Ryo Fujikawa, Suguru Yoshida, Masayuki Fukuda, Katsuhisa Tanaka

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Abstract

Perovskite rare-earth cobaltites ACoO3 (A = Sc, Y, La-Lu) have been of enduring interest for decades due to their unusual structural and physical properties associated with the spin-state transitions of low-spin Co3+ ions. Herein, we have synthesized a non-rare-earth perovskite cobaltite, InCoO3, at 15 GPa and 1400 °C and investigated its crystal structure and magnetic ground state. Under the same high-pressure and high-temperature conditions, we also prepared a perovskite-type ScCoO3 with an improved cation stoichiometry in comparison to that in a previous study, where synthesis at 6 GPa and 1297 °C yielded a perovskite cobaltite with cation mixing on the A-site, (Sc0.95Co0.05)CoO3. The two perovskite phases have nearly stoichiometric cation compositions, crystallizing in the orthorhombic Pnma space group. In the present investigation, comprehensive studies on newly developed and well-known Pnma ACoO3 perovskites (A = In, Sc, Y, Pr-Lu) show that InCoO3 does not fulfill the general evolution of crystal metrics with A-site cation size, indicating that InCoO3 and rare-earth counterparts have different chemistry for stabilizing the Pnma structures. Detailed structural analyses combined with first-principles calculations reveal that the origin of the anomaly for InCoO3 is ascribed to the A-site cation displacements that accompany octahedral tilts; despite the highly tilted CoO6 network, the In-O covalency makes In3+ ions reluctant to move from their ideal cubic-symmetry position, leading to less orthorhombic distortion than would be expected from electrostatic/ionic size mismatch effects. Magnetic studies demonstrate that InCoO3 and ScCoO3 are diamagnetic with a low-spin state of Co3+ below 300 K, in contrast to the case of (Sc0.95Co0.05)CoO3, where the high-spin Co3+ ions on the A-site generate a large paramagnetic moment. The present work extends the accessible composition range of the low-spin orthocobaltite series and thus should help to establish a more comprehensive understanding of the structure-property relation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11113-11122
Number of pages10
JournalInorganic chemistry
Volume56
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 18 2017

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Rare earths
Cations
rare earth elements
Stabilization
stabilization
cations
Ions
ions
perovskites
Chemical analysis
Stoichiometry
Ground state
Structural properties
stoichiometry
Electrostatics
Physical properties
physical properties
Crystal structure
Earth (planet)
perovskite

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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Perovskite-Type InCoO3 with Low-Spin Co3+ : Effect of In-O Covalency on Structural Stabilization in Comparison with Rare-Earth Series. / Fujita, Koji; Kawamoto, Takahiro; Yamada, Ikuya; Hernandez, Olivier; Akamatsu, Hirofumi; Kumagai, Yu; Oba, Fumiyasu; Manuel, Pascal; Fujikawa, Ryo; Yoshida, Suguru; Fukuda, Masayuki; Tanaka, Katsuhisa.

In: Inorganic chemistry, Vol. 56, No. 18, 18.09.2017, p. 11113-11122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fujita, K, Kawamoto, T, Yamada, I, Hernandez, O, Akamatsu, H, Kumagai, Y, Oba, F, Manuel, P, Fujikawa, R, Yoshida, S, Fukuda, M & Tanaka, K 2017, 'Perovskite-Type InCoO3 with Low-Spin Co3+: Effect of In-O Covalency on Structural Stabilization in Comparison with Rare-Earth Series', Inorganic chemistry, vol. 56, no. 18, pp. 11113-11122. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b01426
Fujita, Koji ; Kawamoto, Takahiro ; Yamada, Ikuya ; Hernandez, Olivier ; Akamatsu, Hirofumi ; Kumagai, Yu ; Oba, Fumiyasu ; Manuel, Pascal ; Fujikawa, Ryo ; Yoshida, Suguru ; Fukuda, Masayuki ; Tanaka, Katsuhisa. / Perovskite-Type InCoO3 with Low-Spin Co3+ : Effect of In-O Covalency on Structural Stabilization in Comparison with Rare-Earth Series. In: Inorganic chemistry. 2017 ; Vol. 56, No. 18. pp. 11113-11122.
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abstract = "Perovskite rare-earth cobaltites ACoO3 (A = Sc, Y, La-Lu) have been of enduring interest for decades due to their unusual structural and physical properties associated with the spin-state transitions of low-spin Co3+ ions. Herein, we have synthesized a non-rare-earth perovskite cobaltite, InCoO3, at 15 GPa and 1400 °C and investigated its crystal structure and magnetic ground state. Under the same high-pressure and high-temperature conditions, we also prepared a perovskite-type ScCoO3 with an improved cation stoichiometry in comparison to that in a previous study, where synthesis at 6 GPa and 1297 °C yielded a perovskite cobaltite with cation mixing on the A-site, (Sc0.95Co0.05)CoO3. The two perovskite phases have nearly stoichiometric cation compositions, crystallizing in the orthorhombic Pnma space group. In the present investigation, comprehensive studies on newly developed and well-known Pnma ACoO3 perovskites (A = In, Sc, Y, Pr-Lu) show that InCoO3 does not fulfill the general evolution of crystal metrics with A-site cation size, indicating that InCoO3 and rare-earth counterparts have different chemistry for stabilizing the Pnma structures. Detailed structural analyses combined with first-principles calculations reveal that the origin of the anomaly for InCoO3 is ascribed to the A-site cation displacements that accompany octahedral tilts; despite the highly tilted CoO6 network, the In-O covalency makes In3+ ions reluctant to move from their ideal cubic-symmetry position, leading to less orthorhombic distortion than would be expected from electrostatic/ionic size mismatch effects. Magnetic studies demonstrate that InCoO3 and ScCoO3 are diamagnetic with a low-spin state of Co3+ below 300 K, in contrast to the case of (Sc0.95Co0.05)CoO3, where the high-spin Co3+ ions on the A-site generate a large paramagnetic moment. The present work extends the accessible composition range of the low-spin orthocobaltite series and thus should help to establish a more comprehensive understanding of the structure-property relation.",
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AU - Fujita, Koji

AU - Kawamoto, Takahiro

AU - Yamada, Ikuya

AU - Hernandez, Olivier

AU - Akamatsu, Hirofumi

AU - Kumagai, Yu

AU - Oba, Fumiyasu

AU - Manuel, Pascal

AU - Fujikawa, Ryo

AU - Yoshida, Suguru

AU - Fukuda, Masayuki

AU - Tanaka, Katsuhisa

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N2 - Perovskite rare-earth cobaltites ACoO3 (A = Sc, Y, La-Lu) have been of enduring interest for decades due to their unusual structural and physical properties associated with the spin-state transitions of low-spin Co3+ ions. Herein, we have synthesized a non-rare-earth perovskite cobaltite, InCoO3, at 15 GPa and 1400 °C and investigated its crystal structure and magnetic ground state. Under the same high-pressure and high-temperature conditions, we also prepared a perovskite-type ScCoO3 with an improved cation stoichiometry in comparison to that in a previous study, where synthesis at 6 GPa and 1297 °C yielded a perovskite cobaltite with cation mixing on the A-site, (Sc0.95Co0.05)CoO3. The two perovskite phases have nearly stoichiometric cation compositions, crystallizing in the orthorhombic Pnma space group. In the present investigation, comprehensive studies on newly developed and well-known Pnma ACoO3 perovskites (A = In, Sc, Y, Pr-Lu) show that InCoO3 does not fulfill the general evolution of crystal metrics with A-site cation size, indicating that InCoO3 and rare-earth counterparts have different chemistry for stabilizing the Pnma structures. Detailed structural analyses combined with first-principles calculations reveal that the origin of the anomaly for InCoO3 is ascribed to the A-site cation displacements that accompany octahedral tilts; despite the highly tilted CoO6 network, the In-O covalency makes In3+ ions reluctant to move from their ideal cubic-symmetry position, leading to less orthorhombic distortion than would be expected from electrostatic/ionic size mismatch effects. Magnetic studies demonstrate that InCoO3 and ScCoO3 are diamagnetic with a low-spin state of Co3+ below 300 K, in contrast to the case of (Sc0.95Co0.05)CoO3, where the high-spin Co3+ ions on the A-site generate a large paramagnetic moment. The present work extends the accessible composition range of the low-spin orthocobaltite series and thus should help to establish a more comprehensive understanding of the structure-property relation.

AB - Perovskite rare-earth cobaltites ACoO3 (A = Sc, Y, La-Lu) have been of enduring interest for decades due to their unusual structural and physical properties associated with the spin-state transitions of low-spin Co3+ ions. Herein, we have synthesized a non-rare-earth perovskite cobaltite, InCoO3, at 15 GPa and 1400 °C and investigated its crystal structure and magnetic ground state. Under the same high-pressure and high-temperature conditions, we also prepared a perovskite-type ScCoO3 with an improved cation stoichiometry in comparison to that in a previous study, where synthesis at 6 GPa and 1297 °C yielded a perovskite cobaltite with cation mixing on the A-site, (Sc0.95Co0.05)CoO3. The two perovskite phases have nearly stoichiometric cation compositions, crystallizing in the orthorhombic Pnma space group. In the present investigation, comprehensive studies on newly developed and well-known Pnma ACoO3 perovskites (A = In, Sc, Y, Pr-Lu) show that InCoO3 does not fulfill the general evolution of crystal metrics with A-site cation size, indicating that InCoO3 and rare-earth counterparts have different chemistry for stabilizing the Pnma structures. Detailed structural analyses combined with first-principles calculations reveal that the origin of the anomaly for InCoO3 is ascribed to the A-site cation displacements that accompany octahedral tilts; despite the highly tilted CoO6 network, the In-O covalency makes In3+ ions reluctant to move from their ideal cubic-symmetry position, leading to less orthorhombic distortion than would be expected from electrostatic/ionic size mismatch effects. Magnetic studies demonstrate that InCoO3 and ScCoO3 are diamagnetic with a low-spin state of Co3+ below 300 K, in contrast to the case of (Sc0.95Co0.05)CoO3, where the high-spin Co3+ ions on the A-site generate a large paramagnetic moment. The present work extends the accessible composition range of the low-spin orthocobaltite series and thus should help to establish a more comprehensive understanding of the structure-property relation.

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