Equatorial ionospheric current system consists of equatorial electrojet (EEJ) and solar quiet (Sq). EEJ current is a ribbon of current flowing eastwards along the dip equator region. On the other hand, Sq current is a loop of current that flows at the Earth's northern and southern hemispheres in different directions. This study is focusing on analysing the effects of a solar event on the latitudinal profile of the current system, specifically in Southeast Asian region. Data used in this study are geomagnetic data from five magnetometer stations in MAGDAS network which are Muntinlupa (MUT), Cebu (CEB), Davao (DAV), Manado (MND) and Pare Pare (PRP). The EEJ current intensity is known to be highest around noon time between 1000 and 1100 LT during solar minimum and thus this study analyses the current system from 1000 to 1400 LT. The analysis showed that the geomagnetic storm occurred on 23 April 2008, which is caused by coronal mass ejection (CME), gives rises to the currents on that day. This increment is clearly observed on the currents at the southern hemisphere stations, which are MND and PRP. Our analysis also found that this geomagnetic storm gives increment to the current at the non-peak time. Apart from that, the current profile on this day is compared with the current profile from a quiet day on 21 April 2008.
|Translated title of the contribution||Changes in ionospheric currents system at southeast Asia region during geomagnetic storm in solar's minimum phase|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2018|
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