Petrology and geochemistry of mid-ocean ridge basalts from the southern central Indian ridge

Hiroshi Sato, Kentaro Nakamura, Hidenori Kumagai, Ryoko Senda, Tomoaki Morishita, Akihiro Tamura, Shoji Arai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two hydrothermal fields, the Kairei and Edmond hydrothermal fields, are known in the southern Central Indian Ridge (CIR). The Kairei hydrothermal field at 25°19′S is associated with hydrogen-rich hydrothermal activity, whereas the Edmond hydrothermal field at 23°52′S is recognized in the typical mid-ocean ridge type hydrothermal activity. Differences of lithology and geological background between two hydrothermal fields are reflected in the different type of hydrothermal activity. We recovered more than 870 kg of rock samples by dredging from the southern part of the CIR adjacent to the Kairei and Edmond hydrothermal fields during the KH-10-6 cruise. Here, we present new petrological and geochemical data for MORB samples taken between the CIR-S1 and CIR-S4 segments with the aim of constraining distributions of lithology at the southern CIR, and discuss the petrogenesis and the mantle source for these basalts. The MORB melts that formed rocks within the CIR-S1, CIR-S2, and CIR-S4 segments equilibrated with mantle olivine at approximately 10 kbar, and were erupted after undergoing only minor fractionation. MORB samples from the CIR-S4 segment have slightly depleted trace element compositions, whereas MORB samples from the off-ridge part of the CIR-S1 segment are highly depleted. MORB samples from the Knorr seamount have enriched compositions involved a minor amount of hotspot-derived material, as indicated by previous isotope analyses. The presence of a depleted MORB source beneath the off-ridge section of the CIR-S1 segment indicates that the older mantle material at the boundary between the CIR-S1 and CIR-S2 segments was highly depleted. In turn, this suggests that the source mantle beneath the southern CIR is heterogeneous both along and across the present spreading axis, and that the composition of the mantle in this area is a function of the degree of mixing between depleted and enriched sources.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSubseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems
Subtitle of host publicationTAIGA Concept
PublisherSpringer Japan
Pages163-175
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9784431548652
ISBN (Print)9784431548645
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Sato, H., Nakamura, K., Kumagai, H., Senda, R., Morishita, T., Tamura, A., & Arai, S. (2015). Petrology and geochemistry of mid-ocean ridge basalts from the southern central Indian ridge. In Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems: TAIGA Concept (pp. 163-175). Springer Japan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-54865-2_13