Gamma-hydroxybutylic acid (GHB) and gamma-butyrolactone (GBL), the metabolites of UFT, which is an oral fluoropyrimidine, have been reported to inhibit angiogenesis with IC50 values of 25.8 ng/ml. The pharmacokinetics of GHB and GBL were examined after the administration of UFT in patients with gastric cancer. The patients received 200 mg of UFT orally twice a day. Peripheral blood samples were collected at 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 hr after the time of dosing on day 5. The baseline and endogenous GBL concentrations in plasma were 20.2 +/- 7.5 ng/ml for patients and 16.8 +/- 4.0 ng/ml for volunteers (P = 0.221). The values of C(max) for tegafur, uracil, 5-FU and GBL were 14.7 +/- 5.2 and 4.0 +/- 2.8 microg/ml, 191.2 +/- 115.3 and 147.5 +/- 57.3 ng/ml, respectively, and the values of Tmax were 1.0 +/- 0.6, 1.1 +/- 0.6, 0.9 +/- 0.6 and 1.2 +/- 0. 6 hr, respectively. The concentration of GBL was much higher than its IC50 value for angiogenesis. GBL is thus suggested to contribute to the anticancer effects of UFT in addition to that of 5-FU, which is continuously metabolized from UFT.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Fukuoka igaku zasshi = Hukuoka acta medica|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2007|
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