Phase diagrams of simple metals on fcc(0 0 1) metal surfaces - An application to Mg on Cu

Hisashi Mitani, Toru Hayashi, Daisuke Terasaki, M. S. Chen, Seigi Mizuno, Hiroshi Tochihara

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    5 Citations (Scopus)


    We study structures of simple metal monolayer adatoms on fcc(0 0 1) metal surface, both on theoretical and experimental sides. (i) Theory: using a simple Hamiltonian, two types of theoretical phase diagram of structures of adatoms are obtained. Then, the following structures are observed in the phase diagrams; (A) c(n√2 × √2)R45° structures in a coverage range, 5/9 ≤σ≤2/3; (B) square-like lattice-gas structures at σ=9/13,4/5 and 13/16; (B′) hexagonal arrangement of adatoms at higher coverage or lower amplitude of substrate potential, λ, regions, which is neighboring to the structures (B). (ii) Experiment by low energy electron diffraction (LEED): On Mg on Cu(0 0 1) surface, four-spot patterns and quasi-hexagonal patterns appear with increasing coverage which correspond to structures above (B) and (B′). These are in good agreement with a low λ part of the phase diagrams, while LEED does not exhibit the c(2 × 2) and (A) patterns. Their origin will be discussed also by using the phase diagrams.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)106-113
    Number of pages8
    JournalSurface Science
    Issue number1-3
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2001

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Surfaces and Interfaces
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • Materials Chemistry


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