Therapeutic improvements are needed for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), particularly those who have relapsed or who have treatment-refractory (R/R) AML or newly diagnosed patients with poor prognostic factors. Alvocidib (DSP-2033), a potent cyclin-dependent kinase 9 inhibitor, has previously demonstrated promising clinical activity for the treatment of AML. In this multicenter, open-label, uncontrolled, 3 + 3 phase I study, we investigated the safety and tolerability of alvocidib administered in combination with either cytarabine and mitoxantrone (ACM) for R/R AML or cytarabine/daunorubicin (A + 7 + 3) for newly diagnosed AML. Alvocidib was administered to all patients as a 30-min intravenous (i.v.) bolus (30 mg/m2/d), followed by a continuous i.v. infusion over 4 h on days 1–3 (60 mg/m2/d). A total of 10 patients were enrolled: six received ACM (at two dose levels of cytarabine and mitoxantrone) and four received A + 7 + 3. Alvocidib was tolerated and no dose-limiting toxicities were observed. All patients experienced adverse events, of which diarrhea was the most frequent (100%); hematologic events were also common. Alvocidib concentration peaked at the end of dosing (4.5 h after start of administration), plasma accumulation after repeated dosing was minimal and urinary excretion was negligible. The rate of complete remission/complete remission with incomplete hematologic recovery was 66.7% with the ACM regimen in R/R AML, including four complete remission (median duration 13.6 months), and 75% (three complete remission) with the A + 7 + 3 regimen. Further development of alvocidib in hematologic malignancies is warranted. The trial is registered with Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT03563560.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research