Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of combination therapy with the oral fluoropyrimdiine formulation S-1 and irinotecan for patients with advanced NSCLC. Experimental Design: Chemotherapy-naive patients with advanced NSCLC were treated with i.v. irinotecan (150 mg/m2) on day 1 and with oral S-1 (80 mg/m2) on days 1 to 14 every 3 weeks. Results: Fifty-six patients (median age, 63 years; range, 40-74 years) received a total of 286 treatment cycles (median, 5; range, 1-15). No complete responses and 16 partial responses were observed, giving an overall response rate of 28.6% [95% confidence interval (95% CI), 17.3-42.2%].Twenty-four patients (42.9%) had stable disease and 12 patients (21.4%) had progressive disease as the best response. The overall disease control rate (complete response + partial response + stable disease) was thus 71.4% (95% CI, 57.8-82.7%). Median progression-free survival was 4.9 months (95% CI, 4.0-6.4 months), whereas median overall survival was 15 months. Hematologic toxicities of grade 3 or 4 included neutropenia (25%), thrombocytopenia (3.6%), and anemia (3.6%), with febrile neutropenia being observed in four patients (7.1%). The most common nonhematologic toxicities of grade 3 or 4 included anorexia (14.3%), fatigue (8.9%), and diarrhea (8.9%). There were no deaths attributed to treatment. Conclusions: The combination of S-1 and irinotecan is a potential alternative option with a favorable toxicity profile for the treatment of advanced NSCLC. This nonplatinum regimen warrants further evaluation in randomized trials.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research