Phase II study of S-1 and oxaliplatin as neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the gastric or esophagogastric junction: KSCC1601

Masaaki Iwatsuki, Hiroyuki Orita, Kazuma Kobayashi, Shigekazu Hidaka, Takaaki Arigami, Tetsuya Kusumoto, Hironaga Satake, Eiji Oki, Satoshi Tsutsumi, Kazutoshi Tobimatsu, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Hiroshi Saeki, Akitaka Makiyama, Hideo Baba, Masaki Mori

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Abstract

Background: Perioperative chemotherapy is the standard of care for locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC). This phase II study investigated the efficacy and safety of S-1 and oxaliplatin (SOX) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for LAGC and esophagogastric junction cancer (EGJC). Methods: Patients completed up to three cycles of SOX130 (oxaliplatin 130 mg/m2 on day 1, oral S-1 40–60 mg twice daily for 2 weeks every 3 weeks), followed by gastrectomy and D2 lymphadenectomy. The primary endpoint was the pathological response rate (pRR). The anastomosis leakage rate was the secondary endpoint in patients with EGJC, and other secondary endpoints were the R0 resection, overall survival (OS), and relapse-free survival (RFS) rates. Results: Between April 2016 and July 2017, 47 patients (24 EGJC, 23 LAGC) were enrolled in this study. Forty-two patients (89.4%, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 76.9–96.5) underwent surgery, and R0 resection was achieved in 41 patients. The pRR was 59.5% (90% CI = 45.7–72.3). The major grade 3 or 4 toxicities were appetite loss in six patients (12.8%), thrombocytopenia in five patients (10.6%), and neutropenia and diarrhea in three patients (6.4%) each. The rate of severe anastomotic leakage (Clavien–Dindo classification grade III or higher) in 20 EGJC was 25.0% (90% CI = 10.4–45.6). The 3-year OS and RFS rate were 62.9% (95% CI = 47.2–75.1) and 53.2% (95% CI = 38.1–66.2), respectively. Conclusion: SOX130 demonstrated substantial benefit for LAGC and EGJC. However, special attention should be paid to anastomotic leakage during surgery for EGJC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGastric Cancer
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Cancer Research

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