Magnesium hydride (MgH2) and titanium hydride (TiH2) are two potential candidates for solid-state hydrogen storage, but strong hydride formation energy in these hydrides undesirably results in their high dehydrogenation temperature. First-principles calculations show that the metastable hydrides in the MgH2–TiH2 system have low hydrogen binding energy, which makes them more appropriate for low-temperature hydrogen storage. In this study, severe plastic deformation (SPD) via the high-pressure torsion (HPT) method is applied to the MgH2–TiH2 system to synthesize metastable hydrides. While MgH2 transforms to a high-pressure orthorhombic γ phase, TiH2 does not exhibit any cubic-to-tetragonal phase transformation even by HPT processing at cryogenic temperature. Application of large strains by 400 HPT turns to the immiscible MgH2/TiH2 composite results in atomic-scale mixing and formation of nanostructured ternary Mg–Ti–H hydride with the metastable FCC structure and lower dehydrogenation temperature than TiH2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics