The adsorption behavior of 1,1,2,2,-tetrahydroheptadecafluorodecanol (FC10OH), 1-eicosanol (C20OH), and their mixtures at the hexane solution/water interface is summarized briefly and examined from the viewpoints of interfacial tensions in the presence of domains, domain formation, and the correlation between the phase transition and the miscibility of film forming substances in the adsorbed films. The two-dimensional analogue of the Laplace equation showed that the interfacial tension is always higher in the presence of domains than that in the absence of them. The higher tendency of domain formation of FC10OH compared to C20OH is mainly ascribed to the excess Gibbs energy of mixing of fluorocarbon chains and hydrocarbon solvent being positive and to the interaction energy between domains being more stable against cohesion for FC10OH than for C20OH. The thermodynamic equations derived here suggested the heteroazeotropy in the phase diagram of adsorption and the temperature dependence of interfacial tension at the phase transition points, which are in accord with the experimental findings qualitatively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry