We study a phase transition and critical properties of the quantum spin ladder system with a four-spin interaction. We determine a phase boundary between a rung singlet and a staggered dimer phases numerically. This phase transition is of a second order in the weak-coupling region. We confirm that this universality class is described by the k=2 SU(2) Wess-Zumino-Witten model, analyzing the central charge and scaling dimensions. In the strong-coupling region, phase transition becomes of a first order.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 6 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics