(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), a polyphenol in green tea, induces apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells without affecting normal cells. In this study, we observed that cGMP acts as a cell death mediator of the EGCG-induced anti-AML effect through acid sphingomyelinase activation. EGCG activated the Akt/eNOS axis, a well-known mechanism in vascular cGMP upregulation. We also observed that a major cGMP negative regulator, phosphodiesterase 5, was overexpressed in AML cells, and PDE5 inhibitor, an anti-erectile dysfunction drug, synergistically enhanced the anti-AML effect of EGCG. This combination regimen killed AML cells via overexpressed 67-kDa laminin receptors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology