The γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors play a pivotal role in fast synaptic inhibition in the central nervous system. One of the key factors for determining synaptic strength is the number of receptors on the postsynaptic membrane, which is maintained by the balance between cell surface insertion and endocytosis of the receptors. In this study, we investigated whether phospholipase C-related but catalytically inactive protein (PRIP) is involved in insulin-induced GABAA receptor insertion. Insulin potentiated the GABA-induced Cl- current (IGABA) by about 30% in wild-type neurons, but not in PRIP1 and PRIP2 double-knock-out (DKO) neurons, suggesting that PRIP is involved in insulin-induced potentiation. The phosphorylation level of the GABAA receptor β-subunit was increased by about 30% in the wild-type neurons but not in the mutant neurons, which were similar to the changes observed in IGABA. We also revealed that PRIP recruited active Akt to the GABAA receptors by forming a ternary complex under insulin stimulation. The disruption of the binding between PRIP and the GABAA receptor β-subunit by PRIP interference peptide attenuated the insulin potentiation of IGABA. Taken together, these results suggest that PRIP is involved in insulin-induced GABAA receptor insertion by recruiting active Akt to the receptor complex.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology