We accurately measured the absolute photoluminescence (PL) quantum efficiency (ηPL) of organic solid-state thin films by using an integrating sphere. We measured the ηPL of conventional organic materials used in organic light emitting diodes, such as a tris (8-quinolionolato)aluminum(III) complex (Alq3), and a phosphorescent 1.5mol%-fac-tris(2-phenylpyridyl)iridium(III):4,4'-bis(carbazol-9-yl)-2, 2'-biphenyl [Ir(ppy)3:CBP] co-deposited film. Alq3 and Ir(ppy)3:CBP showed a ηPL = 20±1% and 97 ± 2%, which corresponded well to external electroluminescence efficiency using these materials. We also measured red emitting bis[2-(2'-benzothienyl) pyridinato-N,C3] (acetylacetonato) iridium(III) [Btp 2Ir(acac)] with CBP, and the blue complex, bis[(4,6-difluorophenyl) pyridinato -N,C2](picolinato)iridium(III) [FIrpic], with m-bis(N-carbazolyl)benzene. The maximum ηPL values for Btp 2Ir(acac), and FIrpic were 51±1% (at 1.4mol%), and 99±1% (1.2mol%), respectively. These results suggest that the ηEL of red phosphorescent OLEDs using Btp2Ir(acac) as the dopant can be as high as 10%, and blue devices using FIrpic can reach the theoretical limit of 20%.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering